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# Double-Declining Balance Depreciation Method

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A variation on this method is the 150% declining balance method, which substitutes 1.5 for the 2.0 figure used in the calculation. The 150% method does not result in as rapid a rate of depreciation at the double declining method. The best reason to use double declining balance depreciation is when you purchase assets that depreciate faster in the early years. A vehicle is a perfect example of an asset that loses value quickly in the first years of ownership. However, note that eventually, we must switch from using the double declining method of depreciation in order for the salvage value assumption to be met. Since we’re multiplying by a fixed rate, there will continuously be some residual value left over, irrespective of how much time passes.

• Under the United States depreciation system, the Internal Revenue Service publishes a detailed guide which includes a table of asset lives and the applicable conventions.
• In the double-declining method, depreciation expenses are larger in the early years of an asset’s life and smaller in the latter portion of the asset’s life.
• With professional accounting expertise on your side, you can be confident that your capital is properly accounted for and that your business is on the right track.
• Enter the straight line depreciation rate in the double declining depreciation formula, along with the book value for this year.

In year 5, however, the balance would shift and the accelerated approach would have only \$55,520 of depreciation, while the non-accelerated approach would have a higher number. 10 × actual production will give the depreciation cost of the current year. Depletion and amortization are similar concepts for natural resources (including oil) and intangible assets, respectively. My Accounting Course  is a world-class educational resource developed by experts to simplify accounting, finance, & investment analysis topics, so students and professionals can learn and propel their careers. Harold Averkamp (CPA, MBA) has worked as a university accounting instructor, accountant, and consultant for more than 25 years.

## Alternative Methods

Every year you write off part of a depreciable asset using double declining balance, you subtract the amount you wrote off from the asset’s book value on your balance sheet. Starting off, your book value will be the cost of the asset—what you paid for the asset. You calculate it based on the difference between your cost basis in the asset—purchase price plus extras like sales tax, shipping and handling charges, and installation costs—and its salvage value. The salvage value is what you expect to receive when you dispose of the asset at the end of its useful life.

• A deduction for the full cost of depreciable tangible personal property is allowed up to \$500,000 through 2013.
• In the end, the sum of accumulated depreciation and scrap value equals the original cost.
• He currently researches and teaches economic sociology and the social studies of finance at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
• Depreciation is charged on the opening book value of the asset in the case of this method.
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In the last year of an asset’s useful life, we make the asset’s net book value equal to its salvage or residual value. This is to ensure that we do not depreciate an asset below the amount we can recover by selling it. Depreciation in the year of disposal if the asset is sold before its final year of useful life is therefore equal to Carrying Value × Depreciation% × Time Factor. No depreciation is charged following the year in which the asset is sold. If, for example, an asset is purchased on 1 December and the financial statements are prepared on 31 December, the depreciation expense should only be charged for one month. Another thing to remember while calculating the depreciation expense for the first year is the time factor.

## Double Declining Balance Depreciation Formulas

Accelerated depreciation methods, such as double declining balance (DDB), means there will be higher depreciation expenses in the first few years and lower expenses as the asset ages. This is unlike the straight-line depreciation method, which spreads the cost evenly over the life of an asset. The double-declining balance depreciation (DDB) method, also known as the reducing balance method, is one of two common methods a business uses to account for the expense of a long-lived asset. Similarly, compared to the standard declining balance method, the double-declining method depreciates assets twice as quickly. The double-declining method of depreciation accounting is one of the most useful and interesting concepts nowadays. It is also one of companies’ most popular methods of charging depreciation.

## Double Declining Balance Depreciation

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Now the double declining balance depreciation rate is calculated by doubling the straight-line rate. If you file estimated quarterly taxes, you’re required to predict your income each year. Since the double declining balance method has you writing off a different amount each year, you may find yourself crunching more numbers to get the right amount.

When calculating depreciation expense for the next year, we will now use \$30,781 accumulated depreciation amount instead of \$73,875. By recognizing depreciation expenses early on, they turn their reduced profitability into an advantage come tax time. Some systems specify lives based on classes of property defined by the tax authority.

The difference is that DDB will use a depreciation rate that is twice that (double) the rate used in standard declining depreciation. Depreciation stops when book value is equal to the scrap value of the asset. In the end, the sum of accumulated depreciation and scrap value equals the original cost. The table below illustrates the units-of-production depreciation schedule of the asset. At the beginning of the second year, the fixture’s book value will be \$80,000, which is the cost of \$100,000 minus the accumulated depreciation of \$20,000. When the \$80,000 is multiplied by 20% the result is \$16,000 of depreciation for Year 2.

Depreciation is an accounting process by which a company allocates an asset’s cost throughout its useful life. In other words, it records how the value of an asset declines over time. Firms depreciate assets on their financial statements and for tax purposes in order to better match an asset’s productivity in use to its costs of operation over time. If the resource was deployed in the middle of the year, we would need to adjust the recorded depreciation for the first year accordingly. For instance, if the equipment was used only starting from August 1st, then we would multiply the \$73,875 by 5/12 (months) to get \$30,781.

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For example, assume your business purchases a delivery vehicle for \$25,000. Vehicles fall under the five-year property class according to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). The straight-line depreciation percentage is, therefore, 20%—one-fifth of the difference between the purchase price and the salvage value of the vehicle each year. If the double-declining depreciation rate is what are the consequences of overstating your accounts receivable 40%, the straight-line rate of depreciation shall be its half, i.e., 20%. To calculate the double-declining depreciation expense for Sara, we first need to figure out the depreciation rate. Sara wants to know the amounts of depreciation expense and asset value she needs to show in her financial statements prepared on 31 December each year if the double-declining method is used.

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## The Double Declining Balance Depreciation Method

The double declining balance depreciation method shifts a company’s tax liability to later years when the bulk of the depreciation has been written off. The company will have less depreciation expense, resulting in a higher net income, and higher taxes paid. This method accelerates straight-line method by doubling the straight-line rate per year. The double declining balance method (DDB) describes an approach to accounting for the depreciation of fixed assets where the depreciation expense is greater in the initial years of the asset’s assumed useful life.

This approach is reasonable when the utility of an asset is being consumed at a more rapid rate during the early part of its useful life. It is also useful when the intent is to recognize more expense now, thereby shifting profit recognition further into the future (which may be of use for deferring income taxes). The cost of the truck including taxes, title, license, and delivery is \$28,000. Because of the high number of miles you expect to put on the truck, you estimate its useful life at five years. The next chart displays the differences between straight line and double declining balance depreciation, with the first two years of depreciation significantly higher. Suppose a company purchased a fixed asset (PP&E) at a cost of \$20 million.

We can incorporate this adjustment using the time factor, which is the number of months the asset is available in an accounting period divided by 12. In the accounting period in which an asset is acquired, the depreciation expense calculation needs to account for the fact that the asset has been available only for a part of the period (partial year). An asset for a business cost \$1,750,000, will have a life of 10 years and the salvage value at the end of 10 years will be \$10,000. You calculate 200% of the straight-line depreciation, or a factor of 2, and multiply that value by the book value at the beginning of the period to find the depreciation expense for that period.  